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As COVID-19 continues to affect the way people live, work, and learn around the world, researchers are beginning to gather data on how the pandemic is affecting society. One such research team at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, is based in two units within the College of Communication and Information—the Center for Information and Communication Studies (CICS) and the School of Information Sciences—in collaboration with the independent research group CIBER Research Ltd. in the United Kingdom.

Early Career Researchers and the Pandemic
Carol Tenopir
Carol Tenopir

SIS Interim Director and Chancellor’s Professor Carol Tenopir is the principal investigator for the project, with CCI Associate Dean for Research and Chancellor’s Professor Suzie Allard serving as co-PI along with David Nicholas, head of CIBER. The study will delve into the lives of early career researchers around the world to better understand how the pandemic is affecting their work and role in the academic community. The two-year project, funded by a $399,098 Alfred P. Sloan Foundation grant, will include three interviews each with more than 160 international participants as well as two international surveys.

Tenopir said the uncertainty created by the pandemic has resulted in universities instituting hiring freezes and faculty layoffs and switching to virtual schooling. The project aims to see if early career researchers in the social sciences and sciences are disproportionality affected by these stressors, and whether gender, field of study, and geographical location cause variations in their impact.

“There is some evidence that the burden has been disproportionate for early career researchers who have seen their research disrupted while they spend more time on adjusting teaching modes and, in particular, for women faculty members who bear a disproportionate amount of care for young children or other family obligations. This project will provide a detailed look at the impact of the stresses from the pandemic on early career researchers throughout the world,” Tenopir said.

International Collaboration
Leah Cannon
Leah Cannon

Other team members from CCI are doctoral alumnus David Sims and SIS alumna Leah Cannon. The international team is led by Nicholas, who has collaborated with CCI on other research projects.

The project builds on CIBER’s four-year Harbingers project, funded by the Publishing Researcher Consortium, which studied early career researchers, how they may be harbingers of change in the academic world, and how they approach scholarly publishing. Participants from that study will be revisited for this project, which will provide a longitudinal study of researchers from 2015 to the present. Nicholas said he and Tenopir came up with the idea for the new project and were excited to again collaborate, especially on such a timely topic.

“We thought, ‘Why don’t we see what happens to these early career researchers in regards to COVID-19?’ Maybe they’ll be the last generation of this whole generation of young researchers because there’s no money, they can’t meet, they can’t go to conferences, they can’t collaborate,” Nicholas said.

Nicholas and CIBER researchers will oversee the international team and interviews of non-US study participants, while Tenopir and her team will oversee interviews in the United States and play an important role in the international surveys. Both teams will conduct data analysis. They expect results to be published to a fairly wide audience since the outcome may affect many different fields of study and academia as a whole.

A Changing Landscape
David Nicholas
David Nicholas

Before the pandemic, scholars suspected that early career researchers might be causing a shift in the academic reward system—a system Tenopir and Nicholas said has remained fairly stable for decades. For example, researchers in the US seeking tenured positions are expected to publish in a narrow list of high-quality recognized peer-reviewed journals, and they are not rewarded for publishing in other venues. This approach doesn’t always line up with advances in technology and with how information is now delivered, accessed, and consumed, Allard said. It has been posited that younger researchers will push for a transition that would reward researchers for publishing in other venues, such as having a highly trafficked blog, or for research that is determined to be widely read and influential using measures other than how often it is cited.

“They’re in a tricky position because they’re new to the system and it’s hard to make changes, and some have suggested the pandemic may hurt their chances of making changes because of fewer jobs and opportunities,” Nicholas said.

Allard said the reason information sciences scholars are leading the project is because their expertise lies within the nexus of people, information, and technology—in this case, how people’s behaviors are affected in their information creation, the information’s behavior as it goes through the scholarly communication ecosystem, and how technology in the time of COVID-19 is changing the ways people work.

“This is a distinguishing project for information science as we look at the role of information, both in its creation and consumption and how it is changing. We also look to explore the different types of information resources and how that may be changing scholarly publishing,” Tenopir said.

Suzie Allard
Suzie Allard

This particular project is especially important to Allard, Tenopir, and Nicholas, who are all seasoned information scientists who have dedicated their research to studying scholarly communications.

“The three of us leading it all have very mature careers, and to be able to look back through the lens of an early career researcher is especially exciting—and it’s an opportunity to shed light on some of these things and share it with the academic community and the scholarly publication community. It’s an incredible opportunity to give back what has given us so much for our careers,” Allard said.

The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation is a philanthropic not-for-profit grantmaking institution based in New York City. Established in 1934 by Alfred Pritchard Sloan Jr., then-president and chief executive officer of General Motors, the foundation makes grants in support of original research and education in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and economic performance. For more information about the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, visit


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